Category Archives: Science

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation

NeuroThursday returns from last week’s internet outage with a primer on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): brain stimulation you could do at home, and why you probably shouldn’t.

Right Hand, Human Brain

My latest neuroscience essay, “Right Hand, Human Brain” is up today at the Baen website! This one uses science fiction and fantasy to guide a deep dive into my personal favorite bit of neuroscience, part of my current research topics: handedness, and how it arises in the brain.

Hand dominance is much more complex than most people realize. It’s built from asymmetries atop asymmetries, a stack of lateralized functions in the brain, independent from each other in varying degrees. To understand these, you need to get to the root of the human condition: how we move, how we talk.

The complexity of this answer is why I love studying handedness. It’s prosaic and universal, so ordinary that it can affect your every waking hour without you needing to notice or care. Yet for all its silent ubiquity, to understand handedness, you need to understand everything about the organization of the brain.

For following here to the website, I offer you a bonus bit of trivia: late in the essay when I discussed ways to alter handedness, I mention “all four lobes of the brain.” This is a lie.

The traditional, textbook image of the brain shows four lobes: frontal (motor and executive), parietal (touch and sensorimotor integration), occipital (basic vision), and temporal (hearing, complex vision, memory formation).

The modern conception of the brain shows at least five lobes, maybe six. I’m used to the 5-lobe version, where you find another one by unfolding the crevasse between the frontal and temporal lobes.1 On the inner walls of that space, you will find the insular lobe, which seems to play roles in emotion, homeostasis, and consciousness.

Some people count a “limbic lobe” as the sixth, but if lobes are going to be anything other than an arbitrary distinction, they need to be anatomically & spatially separate, which the limbic lobe isn’t (though it is functionally distinct).

Harry Potter Neuroscience #2 (Philosophy of Neuroscience)

This week I decided to pursue the follow-up questions from last week, and address some more philosophical questions about what our neuroscience answers mean!

Harry Potter Neuroscience (Novelty in the Brain)

NeuroThursday is back, picking up a reader’s dare: can I actually write “Harry Potter and the Principles of Neural Science?” It turns out I can! It’s about surprise and novelty in the brain!


Twitter original:

NeuroThursday Master Episode List

List of all NeuroThursday episodes, in chronological order (oldest first). Apologies for any inconsistent formatting, but Storify is dead and Threadreader is unreliable, so sometimes a Twitter link/embed is all I can provide.

  1. Neolithic Trephination
  2. Brain Energy Consumption
  3. The 10% Myth
  4. The Discoverer of Neurons
  5. Handedness Across History
  6. Left/Right Brained
  7. Mirror Neurons
  8. Brain Variability
  9. Hand Dominance
  10. Maps in the Brain
  11. The Arm’s Complexity
  12. Precognition and Evidence
  13. Sleep and its Deprivation
  14. Déjà Vu and memory
  15. Placebos and their Efficacy
  16. Artificial Neural Networks
  17. Marijuana Safety
  18. Power Poses
  19. Fluidity of Memory
  20. No Teleportation
  21. False Memories
  22. Phantom Limb Pain
  23. Muscle Memory in the Brain
  24. Harry Potter and the Principles of Neural Science (aka Novelty in the Brain)
  25. Harry Potter and the Theory of Neural Science (aka Philosophy of Neuroscience)
  26. Myths and Methods of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
  27. Power and Costs of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
  28. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  29. Saturday Night Palsy
  30. Learning Styles
  31. Solstice Detection (Slow Vision)
  1. The Choke: Skill, Action, and Attention
  2. Peripheral and Color Vision
  3. Filling in the Gaps: Optical Illusions
  4. Filling in the Gaps: Time Itself

You can always find recent episodes by clicking the NeuroThursday link under “Categories” down on the right.